Dry skin is one of the most common forms of skin condition and can occur for many reasons. Some people have naturally dry skin, and for some, it is a matter of hydration. People with oily skin, too, can experience the occasional dry skin.
Dry skin is not limited to a specific part of the body, and some people experience dry skin on their face, while some experience it on their hands. However, the body areas where people commonly experience dry skin are hands, arms, and legs.
Types Of Dry Skin
As mentioned above, dry skin can be from several factors, such as exposure to severe hot or cold temperatures or certain chemicals. However, some cases can also be due to an underlying medical condition. The condition of dehydrated skin is known as dermatitis.
Here are the different types of dermatitis
- Contact Dermatitis
- Seborrheic Dermatitis
- Atopic Dermatitis
Risk Factors Associated With Dry Skin
Some risk factors make you more susceptible to dry skin, including:
- Age: Age is one of the factors that can lead to dry skin. Older people are at a higher risk of developing dry skin as compared to young people. As one grows in age, the formation of oil in the skin pores reduces. Due to the lack of oil in the skin, the skin gets dry.
- Medical History: Genetics is another risk factor in developing dry skin. Those with a family history of skin conditions or allergies are more likely to have eczema or allergic contact dermatitis.
- Season: Dry skin is also very commonly experienced during summer and winters. However, winters are when people suffer most from dry skin, and this is due to the lack of moisture and the low humidity levels during winters.
- Bathing Habits: Scrubbing the skin too hard or using boiling hot water during baths can also lead to dry skin.
Treatment For Dry Skin
Depending on the severeness of the case, the doctor can recommend a treatment plan.
In some exceptional or severe cases, your doctor may refer you to a skin specialist or dermatologist. Doctors, in most cases, tend to prescribe a few lifestyle changes while also prescribing a few over-the-top ointments or lotions.
Here are some simple lifestyle changes that can help and relieve skin dryness. Try to:
- Avoid using boiling water for bathing, showering, or washing purposes.
- Avoid taking showers every day. Try taking baths on alternate days. Some people tend to have naturally dry skin, and regular baths strip away the skin off the natural oil leading to a lack of moisture.
- Avoid taking long baths. Limit your bath time to ten minutes.
- Avoid using soaps that appear too harsh on your skin. Try using moisturizing soaps during showers or baths.
- Moisturize your skin immediately after baths. Moist skin tends to absorb moisture better as compared to dry skin.
- Do not rub your skin post baths. Pat-dry your skin to avoid rashes, dryness, and peeling.
- Avoid scratching on dry skin patches.
- Drink plenty of water and keep your skin moisturized.
- Consider using a humidifier at your house.
Different skin types require different types of moisturizers. Avoid using random lotions or moisturizers. Research your skin type and choose a cream that suits your skin and helps in improving your skin issues. Those with dehydrated skin should invest in petroleum-based moisturizers.
During winters, the humidity levels are quite low, and a petroleum-based moisturizer is quite helpful. However, one can switch back to a water-based lotion during the summers as your skin becomes less dry during the summer months.
When To Consider Seeing A Doctor
Most dry skin cases respond positively to a few lifestyle changes, home remedies, or an over-the-counter lotion or moisturizer. However, some severe cases require an expert’s assistants. Consider seeing a doctor if:
- Despite making considerable changes and efforts, your skin still fails to improve in condition.
- If after dry skin you also experience redness
- If you experience bleeding, sores, intense scratching, or infections due to the condition
- If the condition seems to be spreading over other body areas or if you notice extensive scaling or skin peeling areas.
There you have it, a detailed guide on dry skin. The article covers all the crucial details to dry skin, such as treatments and causes. As mentioned above, you can solve dry skin cases with simple home remedies or through a few lifestyle changes. However, if you tend to experience a severe case, you might consider getting professional help.