Hyperpigmentation is the overproduction of melanin. Naturally, melanin is in the skin, eye color, and hair which causes the skin to look darker. Sometimes it is congenital by birth, and sometimes it develops over a while. Typically it is visible in patches or small spots on the skin.
What Are The Different Types Of Hyperpigmentation?
1. Aging Spots:
Aging spots are the most common kind of hyperpigmentation, and they occur due to a significant amount of exposure to ultraviolet rays over and over. The face, hands, neck, and forearms are the parts that are more vulnerable to sun damage given the exposure.
2. Post-inflammatory pigmentation:
The skin discoloration occurring post-acne, cut, eczema, or a rash is called hyperpigmentation.
Females are more prone to melasma, given their biological construct and hormonal imbalances. Generally, it surfaces on the skin in a patch on the nose, cheeks, discoloration on the forehead, upper lip, or chin. Pregnancy hormones can also be responsible for this kind of skin condition.
Believed to be associated with genes, this kind of hyperpigmentation worsens with exposure to UV rays. There is no quick fix remedy for hyperpigmentation; the treatment goes long. Despite having a wide range of skincare products that claim to diminish dark spots, it stays for a long time. Irrespective of skin color, hyperpigmentation is a complicated skin issue that needs to be dealt with carefully.
What Causes Hyperpigmentation?
The chances are likely that you don’t even know that you have hyperpigmentation. A substantial count of melanocytes can build and cause hyperpigmentation. That’s the reason behind freckles or moles formulating in the summer months due to the prolonged duration of sun exposure. In addition, access quantities of melanin in specific areas can exemplify as freckles. Age spots or sunspots are also kinds of hyperpigmentation.
Melasma can cause hyperpigmentation, which is a mottling. A bluish-purple marbling or skin darkening is typically caused by hormonal imbalances, for example, pregnancy or menopause. External factors such as prolonged sun exposure can aggravate the effects.
Prevention And Treatment Of Hyperpigmentation
Prevention of hyperpigmentation is essential to save your skin from a lot of issues. Sensitive and broken skin is particularly prone to hyperpigmentation. Therefore if your skin is sensitive or prone to breakouts or any other skin condition you are dealing with, ensure to slather on more SPF regularly as a routine.
Avoid sun exposure
You need to take good care of your skin if you have sensitive skin. On hot days or summers, try to avoid going out in the sun.
Don’t scratch your skin
Irritable and itchy skin is problematic but deals with gentle care. Don’t scratch your skin; apply coconut oil or topical ointments, which soothe your skin.
How Do You Get Rid Of Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation can be treatable; home remedies and medical treatment is available to cure the issue. Dermatologist administered options are there to deal with hyperpigmentation. Microneedling, chemical peels, and laser treatments are medical procedures typically employed to treat hyperpigmentation. The most effective way to treat this skin issue is by pairing the treatments with topical lotions and gels having ingredients that slow down or deadlock melanin creation.
A slew of skincare ingredients complete medical treatment peels to speed up the skin lightening procedure. It is significant to note that hyperpigmentation doesn’t disappear after the treatment. There is a misconception regarding hyperpigmentation treatment that once you treat it, it will not come back. However, melanocytes are prone to excitement, and hyperpigmentation can instantly return. Therefore, it is imperative to keep putting the SPF layer in your skincare regime along with the hyperpigmentation treatment. Consult with your dermatologist to understand more about what option best fits your skin type and issue.
You should avoid using an ingredient called Hydroquinone, which is in OTC and Rx strengths. It is one of the most popular ingredients in the world for waning melanocytes and preventing them from making melanin. However, the worst part of applying hydroquinone treatment is that it can bring further complications and is irreversible when used over a long time. Home remedies are good to use for the long term and don’t have side effects. For example, applying orange peels powder, honey paste, and lemon drops daily nourishes the skin and reduces pigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation and its triggers vary from person to person. Certain practices work for all conditions. However, it’s always good to consult an authentic and certified dermatologist who can prescribe you the right treatment diagnosing the type of hyperpigmentation you have. Depending upon the history of your skin ailment, from worst to mild, your skin specialist can guide you accordingly.